1. Taliban

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  2. About Taliban

    The Taliban (طالبان - ps|ṭālibān, also anglicised as Taleban) are a Sunni Islamist and Pashtun nationalist movement that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by a cooperative military effort between the Northern Alliance and NATO countries. Committed fundamentalist insurgents, often described as "Taliban" in the media, originating in the Frontier Tribal Areas of Pakistan, are currently engaged in a protracted guerrilla war against the current government of Afghanistan, allied NATO forces participating in Operation Enduring Freedom, and the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force.

    The Taliban movement was headed by Mullah
    Mohammed Omar. Beneath Mullah Omar were "a mixture of former small-unit military commanders and Madrasah teachers" and then a rank and file most of whom had studied in Islamic religious schools in Pakistan. The overwhelming majority of Taliban movement were ethnic Pashtuns from southern Afghanistan and western Pakistan, along with a smaller number of volunteers from elsewhere, for example Europe or China. The Taliban received valuable training, supplies and arms from the Pakistani government, particularly the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI)[http://www.pajhwok.com/viewstory.asp?lng=eng&id;=43728], and many recruits from Madrasahs for Afghan refugees in Pakistan, primarily ones established by the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam JUI.

    Although in control of Afghanistan's capital (Kabul) and much or most of the country for five years, the Taliban regime, or "Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan," gained diplomatic recognition from only three states: Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Human rights abuses denied it United Nations recognition and most world's states, including Iran, India, Turkey, Russia, USA and most Central Asian republics opposed the Taliban and aided its rival (Afghan Northern Alliance).

    While in power, the Taliban implemented the "strictest interpretation of Sharia law ever seen in the Muslim world," and became notorious internationally for their alleged treatment of women. Women were forced to wear the burqa in public. They were allowed neither to work nor to be educated after the age of eight, and both men and women faced public execution for violations of the Taliban's laws.

  3. Quotes about Taliban

    1. A protest was taken out by the members and leaders of all religious communities here against the barbaric acts of Taliban in Swat valley. All have condemned the atrocities,
      Narendra Singh in Protests in Kashmir over atrocities against Sikhs in Pakistan
    2. Pakistan has kneeled before the Taliban by holding talks.
      In Hindus, other minorities face surge of violence in Pakistan
    3. Yet the Taliban are not the only threat to Pakistan's religious and sectarian minorities. The past few months have seen the emergence of horrifying cases of systematized persecution of religious minorities.
      Rafia Zakaria in Pakistani Christian condemn beheadings